Barrie Foot Clinic
An ingrown toenail results in pain along the margins of the toenail. They are often aggravated by wearing shoes, particularly those with narrow toes.
The toe may be sensitive to any pressure, even the weight of bed clothes. There may be signs of infection and drainage of pus, or a watery discharge tinged with blood.
Ingrown toenails may be caused by:
- Improper trimming of the nail.
- Tight fitting shoes which compress the toes together.
- Hose or socks which are too tight.
- Abnormally shaped nail plate.
- Other toenail deformities
(i.e. excessively thick nail plate).
- Trauma to the nail plate or toe.
This patient suffered from a chronic ingrown toenail on the outside (lateral) border of her large toe (hallux). The location is marked with an arrow.
- The toe is anesthetized, prepped with antiseptic and a tourniquet.
- The lateral border of the nail has been removed.
- Liquefied phenol is applied to cauterize the nail matrix (growth area) and nail bed.
- The chemical cautery is complete.
- All wrapped up and ready to go home.
The procedure is painless as the toe is “put to sleep” with a local anaesthetic agent. There is minimal post-operative discomfort.
The wound heals in about four to six weeks. During this period it is simply dressed with topical antibiotic and band aids.
After healing, the nail is normal in appearance, somewhat more narrow than before. The incurvated nail border is gone, leaving the toenail unlikely to be ingrown again.
Ingrown toenails are one of the more common foot problems treated by Chiropodists. They can be very painful, often limited the activities of people who suffer from the ailment.
Ingrown toenails are caused by impingement of the skin along the margins of the nail by the nail plate. Some ingrown toenails are chronic with repeated episodes of pain and infection.
Pain can be present without infection and occasionally infection is present without pain. The usual signs of infection include: redness (erythema), swelling (edema), increase warmth (calor) and pain (dolor).
Complications may include:
- Infection, if present, may spread to the foot and leg or into the blood stream.
- Loss of nail plate from infection or inflammation of the nail bed.
- Chronic ingrown nails can cause deformity of the nail plate and/or surrounding soft tissues.
- A small benign tumour called a granuloma can form along the nail margin.
What you can do:
- Cut toenail straight across and leave it slightly longer than the end of the toe.
- Avoid tight fitting foot wear.
- If discomfort develops, try soaking the foot in a basin of warm water two to three times a day.
- If you are diabetic or have poor circulation the water should never exceed 95° Fahrenheit or 35° Celsius.
- An infected ingrown toenail requires prompt professional attention. Contact your Chiropodist or physician immediately.
** Diabetics and those with poor circulation to the feet must never attempt to treat an ingrown toenail at home. Consult with you Chiropodist or physician immediately. **